Skip to content

行进中的低碳中国 China is on the right track

10/08/09

–Mengxiao Han, Nanjing China

How has the country’s low-carbon path developed – and what lies in its future? china dialogue spoke to Wu Changhua, director for Greater China.

ChinaDialogue: During the low-carbon cities project, which the Climate Group organized this year, what was the attitude of local government and businesses towards the development of the low-carbon economy?

WC:We chose six Chinese cities in which to run demonstration projects aimed at solving local issues. The solar-powered LED lighting project in

Guiyang, in Guizhou province, is underway. When Tony Blair and Jet Li visited in August it was already operating at scale. Preparations are underway for electric vehicle and green building projects in nine cities.

We were very encouraged by positive attitudes to low-carbon cities, both from local government and businesses. They are aware of energy-saving and emissions-reduction issues, and they proposed a lot of good measures. But sometimes they are a bit over-enthusiastic: some see excellent prospects for new energy and want to develop in this direction, so they fund projects blindly, regardless of whether the research-and-development capability or core technologies are in place.

It is still a step forward – the importance of low-carbon development is being recognized; they are very quickly learning how to research markets and make improvements.

CD: What expectations do you have for climate-change conference in Copenhagen? What impact will there be on China?

WC:There’s not much chance of a miracle. US president Barack Obama’s administration is under pressure; he has little political capital left. They are unlikely to take the risk of concrete commitments at Copenhagen.

Personally, considering what is actually feasible, I think an agreement is possible. It should include several mechanisms: in particular, a financial mechanism – this is key. It is hard to say on technology transfer: I hope to see some feasible operating mechanisms come out of that. As for adaptation funds, the developed nations must make quantified commitments.

China has already done much more on climate change than the international community expected, and they can relax in the run-up to, and during, the Copenhagen meeting. All it has to do is explain what it has already done.

The real pressure on China is what to do after Copenhagen. Whatever agreement is reached, we still need to come back home and solve some real problems – area by area, company by company, as we map out a low-carbon path for China.

中国的低碳之路发展的怎样,前景又如何?中外对话就此采访了气候组织大中国区总监吴昌华。

中外对话:在气候组织今年开展的低碳城市项目过程中,地方政府、企业各层面对低碳经济发展的态度如何?

吴昌华:我们的低碳城市是选择在中国六个城市(包括香港)做一些示范项目,解决当地一些实际的问题。贵阳的节能灯项目(LED)正在进行中,八月份布莱尔和李连杰去看的时候已经很成规模。还有几个城市的电动汽车项目(EV)和绿色建筑项目正在筹备中。

从地方政府到企业,对建设低碳城市的积极态度让我们觉得非常振奋。他们节能减排的意识都有了,也推出了很多强有力的举措。但有时他们这个低碳环保的发展意 识有点过激。有些城市觉得新能源这个发展方向非常好,不管自己是否有研发能力,是否有核心技术,就很盲目地给予财政支持。一个节能灯公司莫名其妙地被当地 政府请去做八条街的节能灯工程,甚至不需要采集数据,也不审核质量,装起来就放在那里没人管了。再例如万通地产(Beijing Vantone Real Estate Co., Ltd.)的冯仑,脑子非常“绿”,把国外的很多绿色建筑技术原版照搬都用在自己的产品上,弄得非常复杂,住户根本不知道怎么用。

不管怎样,他们意识到低碳发展的重要性就是一个进步,很快他们就会吸取教训去分析市场,完善细节。最近上海在做新能源十二五发展规划时,已经意识到要集中力量发展自己有优势的领域,非常强调自主创新。

中外对话:您对哥本哈根会议结果有什么样的预期,对中国会有什么样的影响?

吴昌华:不太可能有奇迹发生。奥巴马政府现在很危险,已经没有多少政治资本了,不太可能冒险在哥本哈根会议上给出实质性的承诺。

我个人的愿望,再加上实际的可能性,我觉得还是能达成一个协议。这个协议里面应该包含几个机制,尤其是资金机制,这是最关键的。技术转让很难讲,希望能有一些切实的操作机制出来。适应基金上,发达国家必须要给出一个定量的承诺。

中国应对气候变化的作为已经远远超出了国际社会的期望,在哥本哈根会议之前和会议之中都可以比较放松,只要把自己的成就向世界讲清楚就可以了。

中国真正的压力是在哥本哈根之后如何做。不管公约会议达成什么样的协议,我们还是要回到中国,一个地区一企业地去解决现实当中的很多问题,摸索出一条低碳发展的中国道路。

(中外对话。http://www.chinadialogue.net/article/show/single/ch/3274–China-is-on-the-right-track-)

Advertisements
No comments yet

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: