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中国将在哥本哈根会议上讨论资金和技术转让问题 China will talk about financial and technology transition on COP-15

11/05/09
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中国将在哥本哈根会议上讨论资金和技术转让问题,希望可以取得可操作的,确实可以加强发展中国家应对气候变化能力的措施和安排。

中 国将积极推动哥本哈根会议取得结果。一是发达国家要按照《京都议定书》的要求,进一步大幅度减排。因为大家承担的历史责任,从他们的经济发展阶段来看包括 他们的实际能力,都应当承担大量的责任。另外,发达国家要给发展中国家提供一些资金、技术的支持,使发展中国家能够采取减少温室气体排放的措施,能够积极 适应这方面带来的不利影响。这都是哥本哈根会议要解决的问题。

从哥本哈根会议要坚持的原则来看,中国主要是坚持公约,坚持京都议定书,坚 持巴厘路线图,坚持负责任的原则,坚持减缓气候变化同举并重 的原则。另外,科技创新、技术进步、技术转让和技术合作,在实现应对气候变化方面是至关重要的,我们希望在哥本哈根会议上能够就资金和技术转让问题上,可 以取得可操作的,确实可以加强发展中国家应对气候变化能力的措施和安排。

在10月初结束的联合国曼谷气候变化谈判会议,一些发达国家甚至提出抛弃巴厘路线图。在距哥本哈根会议不足两个月的时间抛出此观点,显然是在为哥本哈根进程设置障碍。会议是否能达成预期的最终协议,还存在很大的不确定性。

根据目前态势,一种可能是达成一个明确保护全球气候的框架性政治协议,但对长期减排的具体表述和中期减排目标,则需要在后续谈判中艰难前行。

中 国目前所处的发展阶段,表现为工业化和城市化大规模、高速度,资本密集度非常高,能源消费的增长幅度大,因而依赖价格较为低廉的化 石能源作为动力的碳密集度(即单位产出的碳排放量)也必然高,高于传统的商品能源消费水平低下的农业社会,也高于完成工业化和城市化进程、技术密集度高的 后工业社会。

中国的人口尚在增长,基础设施建设尚未完成,消费水平有待进一步提高,技术资金能力还较为有限。在这种情 况下,中国尚不具备条件承诺绝对量的减 限排目标,也不可轻言排放量峰值的准确时间,这不表明中国不承担保护全球气候的义务,也不表明中国未来不承诺具体的减限排目标。实际上,中国已经在行动上 作出了许多承诺。

Brief: China will talk about financial and technology transition on COP-15, hope that developing countries can get the practical and effective measures and arrangements from developed countries.

The government thinks that developed countries should follow the Kyoto Protocol, greatly reduce their emissions, due to their capability and economy. Besides, developed countries should also provide some financial and technical support to developing countries to help the latter decrease the GHGs emission. This is the key problem in Copenhagen Conference.

Now, China is still facing the problem of huge population, incomplete of foundation establishment, immature consumption structure and limited technology. So China do not able to grant a specific number of reducing emissions but this is not means that China do not take the responsibility of making efforts for global climate issue.

China will insist UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol, Bali Action Plan, and be responsible. Besides, technology innovation, transition and corporation is very important to react to the global climate change issue. Therefore, China want to get effective and practical measures and arrangement in COP-15.

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