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The United States still has no actual actions in the Barcelona Climate Conference. The Copenhagen conference might not be able to end up with an actual agreement巴塞罗那气候会谈美仍无实质行动哥本哈根会议难达成协议

11/10/09

The Barcelona Climate Conference is the last time negotiation before the Copenhagen conference in early December.  There are 4000 people and 181 different countries take part into the negotiation.  However, on the first day of the meeting, all the African representatives walk out of the meeting and refuse to accept that developed countries do not promise a target to cut their emission.

During the conference, the United States still has no actual actions to cut their emission.  In particular, there is not actual target to cut emissions and an actual funding plan.  The director of the US climate change of the International Environmental Group Greenpeace, Damon Moglen mentions that the developing countries correctly against the mistakes of the United States.  While the United States is arguing on subsidize the fossil fuel industry, African countries are solving their problem of surviving.

While Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, South Africa, South Korea has announced their actual target to cut emissions, the United States is still confined to the Congress, the legislative process as well as the issue of the pre-Medicare bill.  The “Climate Change and Energy Act” is still unable to pass, which implies that the United States is unable to bring an actual target to the Copenhagen conference.

The United Nations and some European countries are worried that the best outcome for the Copenhagen conference may simply intensify the fight against global warming and reach a political agreement.

12月初哥本哈根联合国气候谈判之前的最后一轮会谈正在西班牙举行,4000多名参会者,包括来自181个国家的代表团成员齐聚巴塞罗那。然而会谈开始的第一天,非洲国家代表就集体退出会场,抗议富裕国家不愿做出大幅削减碳排放的承诺。

会谈进程艰难

“美国作为世界最大的排放国,没有在气候变化谈 判中有实际行动,包括它的减排目标和融资方案。”国际环保组织绿色和平美国气候变化主任DamonMoglen对此评论说,“发展中国家正确地抗议了美国 的失误,当美国国会还在为给化石燃料工业予以补贴以及调整消极的气候行动而争吵时,非洲国家讨论的是他们的生存问题。”

在巴西、中国、印度、印度尼西亚、墨西哥、南非、韩国等国都在纷纷准备对外宣布他们各自可量化的大幅减排计划之时,美国囿于国会立法程序以及前期的医保法案问题,《气候变化和能源法案》迟迟未能通过,也就是说他们不太可能在哥本哈根会议上提出明确的减排目标。

“现在已经没有时间继续互相指责了,”正在巴塞罗那的绿色和平中国气候与能源经理杨爱伦表示,“很明显,当发展中国家正尽最大努力试图解决气候问题的时候,工业化国家则似乎在努力减少达成一个好协议的可能性,而非如何积极帮助来达成这一目标。”

哥本哈根谈判堪忧

中国国务院总理温家宝本周一在与欧盟委员会主席巴罗佐通话时表示,中国认为,哥本哈根会议成功的关键,是要坚持《联合国气候变化框架公约》和《京都议定书》,坚持发达国家与发展中国家“共同但有区别的责任”原则。

按照《京都议定书》“共同但有区别的责任”原则,发展中国家应采取积极的措施减少排放,但无须承诺绝对减排。而目前欧盟希望限制范围较《京都议定书》扩大。

温家宝表示,各方代表应防止有关谈判背离《气候变化框架公约》以及《京都议定书》的原则和规定。

本月中旬,奥巴马将首次访华。这是两个全球最大的温室气体排放国在哥本哈根峰会前最后一次高层会晤,气候变化与能源合作是奥巴马此次行程的首要议题。但上个月末,美国气候变化问题特使ToddStern说,他预计奥巴马访华时不会就全球气候问题达成双边协议。

中美两国是否能达成协议,被看作是全球共同应对气候变化行动成功的关键。ToddStern表示双方将继续讨论清洁能源和技术方面的合作。

在这样的情形下,近期国际能源署官员称,哥本哈根会议也许连达成部分解决方案都难以实现。联合国和一些欧洲国家也担心哥本哈根会议最好的结果,可能仅仅是就加紧抗击全球变暖达成一宗政治协议。

By Xiaowen Zhu, Beijing

Come from: ifeng.com

http://finance.ifeng.com/huanbao/hbsd/20091105/1429357.shtml

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