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世界气候大事记 Global Climate Issues’ Chronology

11/30/09

By Yi Wang, Shenyang, China

1896年:诺贝尔奖获得者Svante Arrhenius预言化石燃料燃烧会使大气中的CO2增加,从而导致全球变暖,大气中的CO2增加一倍,可能导致全球平均气温上升5℃。

1896: Nobel Prize Winner Svante Arrhenius predicted that fossil fuels will increase CO2 in the atmosphere, therefore leading to global warming. The amount of CO2 in the atmosphere will be one time more, which will result to 5 degrees’ increasing of the average global temperature.

1988年:联合国成立了政府间气候变化专门委员会(IPCC),对气候变化进行科学评估。

1988: UN found for intergovernmental committee for climate change, IPCC, which estimate the progress of climate change based on scientific data.

1990年:发表了第一次IPCC评估报告,后来这一年被确定为制定未来减排目标的基准年份。

1990: IPCC pressed its first evaluation report, and later this year has become the standard for future emission-cut goals.

1992年:联合国环境与发展大会在巴西里约热内卢召开。各国政府同意签署《联合国气候变化框架公约》,承诺将阻止“危险性气候变化”。

1992: UN conference on environment and development met at Rio de Janeiro. Countries who attended this conference agreed to sign UNFCCC, promising to stop the threatening climate change.

1995年:IPCC的第二次评估报告确定由于人类活动产生的温室气体与气候变化之间有密切的联系,指出“权衡各种证据显示”全球变暖是由人类造成的。

1995: IPCC reported the second evaluation that assured the close connection between human’s activity and climate change, pointing out that considering various kinds of evidence shows that the global warming is caused by human beings.

1997年:《京都议定书》形成。这个协议确定了工业化国家碳减排的第一承诺期,时间从2008年到2012年。

1997: Kyoto Protocol is completed . This agreement ascertained the first promising period of the carbon emission of the industrialized countries, from 2008 to 2012.

1998年:20世纪是至少1000年以来最热的一个世纪,而1998年又是其中温度最高的10年中最热的一年。
2001年:各国在摩洛哥马拉喀什就《京都议定书》的实施方法和其他细节达成一致。美国和澳大利亚拒绝批准这个协议。

1998: The 20th century becomes the hottest century during the last one thousand years, and the year of 1998 ranked the first in the hottest 10 years.

2003年:欧洲热浪致使3万多人死亡。科学家后来得出结论,这是第一次极端的气候事件,是由于人类活动引起的气候变化造成。

2003: Europe’s heatwave resulted in about 30,000 deaths. Scientists pointed that this extreme tragedy was because of  the climate change caused by human’s activities.

2007年:IPCC第四次评估报告警告气候变化速度在加快,并且这种情况无法逆转。在巴厘岛举行《联合国气候变化框架公约》第十三次缔约方会议,确定了就《京都议定书》第二承诺期展开谈判并形成新协议的时间表。

2007: The forth evaluation report from IPCC showed that the climate change was speeding up, and this situation was irreversible.The United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali The conference culminated in the adoption of  the Bali Road Map.

2008年:在波兰波兹南举行《联合国气候变化框架公约》第十四次缔约方会议。谈判进展缓慢,因为很多国家都在等待美国新的奥巴马政府宣布其对气候问题的立场。

2008: The 14th UN Climate Change Conference met in Poland. The negotiations went slowly. Many countries were waiting to see the position of the new government of U.S.’s Obama on climate change.

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