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世界气候大事记 Global Climate Issues’ Chronology


By Yi Wang, Shenyang, China

1896年:诺贝尔奖获得者Svante Arrhenius预言化石燃料燃烧会使大气中的CO2增加,从而导致全球变暖,大气中的CO2增加一倍,可能导致全球平均气温上升5℃。

1896: Nobel Prize Winner Svante Arrhenius predicted that fossil fuels will increase CO2 in the atmosphere, therefore leading to global warming. The amount of CO2 in the atmosphere will be one time more, which will result to 5 degrees’ increasing of the average global temperature.


1988: UN found for intergovernmental committee for climate change, IPCC, which estimate the progress of climate change based on scientific data.


1990: IPCC pressed its first evaluation report, and later this year has become the standard for future emission-cut goals.


1992: UN conference on environment and development met at Rio de Janeiro. Countries who attended this conference agreed to sign UNFCCC, promising to stop the threatening climate change.


1995: IPCC reported the second evaluation that assured the close connection between human’s activity and climate change, pointing out that considering various kinds of evidence shows that the global warming is caused by human beings.


1997: Kyoto Protocol is completed . This agreement ascertained the first promising period of the carbon emission of the industrialized countries, from 2008 to 2012.


1998: The 20th century becomes the hottest century during the last one thousand years, and the year of 1998 ranked the first in the hottest 10 years.


2003: Europe’s heatwave resulted in about 30,000 deaths. Scientists pointed that this extreme tragedy was because of  the climate change caused by human’s activities.


2007: The forth evaluation report from IPCC showed that the climate change was speeding up, and this situation was irreversible.The United Nations Climate Change Conference in Bali The conference culminated in the adoption of  the Bali Road Map.


2008: The 14th UN Climate Change Conference met in Poland. The negotiations went slowly. Many countries were waiting to see the position of the new government of U.S.’s Obama on climate change.

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