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Carbon trading – a catalyst brought by Copenhagen 哥本哈根促进碳能源的交易

12/01/09
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Summary:   Analysts believe that if the Copenhagen conference failed to reach a consensus, then in 2012, after the expiration of the 1st commitment period  of “Kyoto Protocol”,  the world would not have a joint document to restrain greenhouse gas emissions. This will result in a major setback on curbing global warming. Therefore this conference is widely regarded as the last chance for human action to curb global warming. It will determine the future of the planet and human beings. Currently, the world’s major countries are negotiating. If the Copenhagen conference can reach the agreement on carbon emissions, the potential CDM projects can be huge mass registered, thus carbon trading will have a tremendous development. Therefore, the Copenhagen Conference will be the catalyst for Carbon trading-related listed companies on sharing price strength.

随着哥本哈根气候变化会议的临近,气候变化不仅是气候学家的关注焦点,更是投资者关注的焦点。

投资者认为, 这次的谈判事关重大,如果哥本哈根谈判能够就碳排放取得一致,潜在可注册的CDM项目体量非常丰富,碳交易将进行飞速的发展。因此,哥本哈根会议讲巨大的促进相关上市公司股价的走强。

此外国际社会也希望通过碳交易,以市场机制方式来解决这个全球目前面临的最重要的问题。

1994年正式开始生效的UNFCCC以及《京都议定书》为”碳交易”活动奠定了她的法律基础。<京都议定书>中,各国通过以法律法规的形式来限制了签约各国二氧化碳气体的排放量,如果从经济角度来看,碳交易更是促进了一个以温室气体排放权为主的市场。

在国际上,碳交易包括了 Clean Development Mechanism 清洁发展机制、joint involvement(JI)和emission trading (ET)三种交易机制。(For further definition to these three mechanism, click here )

中华人民共和国是发展中国家, 目前还暂时不是减排义务国,到2012年前我们都暂时可以不履行温室气体减排义务. 因此,我国企业可以与外国机构共同开发CDM,通过转让CDM项目核证减排量而获得利益。 有关机构曾预测,在2012年以前,我国将供应全球1/3的碳减排量交易。我过通过碳减排的交易可获数十亿美元的收益。

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