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童话中的现实—哥本哈根气候变化大会落幕 The Reality in the Fairytale — The Last Day of COP-15

12/18/09

今天是12月18日,我在Okstenhallen 度过了一天,这里是属于所有NGO的空间,这里是没有政治立场,没有利益冲突,只单纯为了拯救气候变化,保护整个地球的地方。我看到了许多为了环境保护努力奋斗的人,他们并不是来自遭受气候变化摧残最严重的国家,但是他们为了那些岛国,那些濒临淹没的小国,用自己最大的力量让世界知道改善气候不可再等,明确的减排事不宜迟。不论站在舞台上的全球各国领导给我们留下了什么,我们都会牢记一个绝望的呼喊:“我们不会安静地等死。”

也许发达国家那些过着富足生活的人们并不知道气候变化对于南部那些脆弱国家来说意味着什么,现在一场洪水或者地震对于发达国家而言不过是小意外,很快就会恢复,也不会造成巨大的人员伤亡,但是对于南部的那些脆弱的国家来说,一场自然灾害可能就是末日。他们经受不起气候的磨难,仅靠他们自己,他们只能等待洪水淹没整个山庄,地震压垮整个城市。只有发达国家实际行动节能减排,减缓气候变化,提供资金和技术,帮助他们减排,这些国家才有可能度过困境。我们都知道最早进入工业化的国家在温室气体排放方面负有特殊的历史责任。他们通过向空气中排放二氧化碳,实现了国家的工业化。不论是从责任的角度,还是能力的角度,发达国家都应该制定强有力的减排目标。没有他们的帮助,南部国家根本没有可能自我修复。面对他们的可能真的是国家的消失,人民的灭亡。这些也许我们没有看到,不能想象,但是它是真正地在发生着。不论气候变化到底是发展到什么程度,一旦气候变化这个大机器开始运转,将一发不可收拾,我们的未来未卜,是否可以挽救,是否可以回头,无人知晓。

今天下午,人们在Okstenhallen听完美国总统奥巴马的演讲后纷纷在嘘声下散去,这是失望的嘘声和无奈的嘘声。我们没有听到新的减排目标,我们没有看到美国,作为世界第一大经济体,第二大排放国的先锋作用,没有看到他们真诚的态度。我难以理解,当看到图瓦卢谈判代表伊恩·福莱流着泪说:“我只是个卑微的政府职员,但是在此我却不得不为了自己国家的存亡发出如此的强硬声音。今天早上,我哭着醒来。想到我的国家可能因为一次会议的失败而永远消失,我抑制不住自己的眼泪。对于我这样一个大男人来说,在如此场合承认自己因此而哭泣是很艰难的一件事情。”同是人类同胞的,怎么会忍心置之不顾。世界不可能停止工业化的脚步,各个国家不可能不发展工业,发展科技。其实地球本身也并不是那么脆弱。之所以产生自然灾害其实是因为人类过度的使用地球资源。拿排放二氧化碳来说,地球本身不能没有二氧化碳。但是凡事都有一个限度,其实只有每一个发达国家履行自己的义务,负起历史的责任,并帮助发展中国家度过难关,世界上最主要的二氧化碳排放大国,主动控制自己的排放量,气候变化一定会有很明显的改善。我们一定可以挽救那些濒临消失的小国。

对于这次哥本哈根气候大会,从吵吵闹闹的开场,到吵吵闹闹的结束。有人愤怒,有人失望,有人沉默,有人绝望,我想不论多少的NGO在多少个Okstenhallen里举办多少个倡议活动,最后也许都完全不能改变各国的决定。但是我知道无论最后有没有一个有法律约束的协议,这样的全球性的讨论大会必然会给那些需要帮助的国家带来或多或少的帮助。

为了人类自己,我们需要找到更多的哥本哈根。

Brief Summary:

I spent half of the day in the Okstenhallen, which is the space of NGOs.  Those NGOs are coming here for  common future, instead of their political positions and own benefits.  Whatever the result of the negotiation among the heads of different countries, I will always remember the shout from the live broadcasting: “We will not wait for death quietly.”

As we know, the developed countries have to commit to historic duties, since they accomplished the progress of industrialization through emitting carbon emissions. Moreover, the developing countries are able to overcome natural disasters and reduce the loss caused by natural disasters; however, considering those poor countries, they have  already suffered from poverty for a long time, a natural disaster seems to be so overwhelming to them that they have no ability to protect their homelands. Because of the huge difference between developing countries and those vulnerable countries, the developed countries should set down ambitious targets whatever considering their historical responsibilities for emissions and present abilities.

Following the development of human beings, the whole world will not cease taking steps to industrialization and none of the countries will stop to develop their own technologies, because only development can lead people to better lives. As a matter of fact, the earth has the ability of recovering. However, the human-induced activities should be limited so as to give the earth time to recover itself. If every big emitter has ambitious carbon emissions reduction target and every developed country is involved in helping those vulnerable countries, climate change will have no chance to affect human beings! I think the Copenhagen climate change conference assists those vulnerable countries in different aspects for sure whether a legally binding agreement will be reached or not.

We should look for more from Copenhagens for human beings to acquaint the truth and contribute efforts, although they are insignificant, in order to avoid deadly disaster of this planet.

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